Common Eye Diseases Caused By Diabetes


Diabetic eye diseases are a group of eye issues that diabetic patients suffer. All of the eye problems are complications of diabetes. These problems can cause severe eye issues and blindness in people.

Eye conditions related to diabetes are cataracts, diabetic retinopathy, diabetic macular edema, and glaucoma. Diabetes can damage your eyes, You can adapt some useful ways to prevent your eyes from damage. 

It also keeps your eyes protected from the worst eye conditions. If you are already taking care of your diabetes then there are rare chances to catch diabetic eye diseases.

Effect Of Diabetes On Eyes

Diabetes can harm your eyes when the level of your blood glucose becomes high. You can call it blood sugar. High blood glucose does not cause vision loss in people usually.

You can experience blurriness in your vision when you change certain medicines or plans for your diabetes. People experience this blurriness for a week or few days. A high level of glucose can alter the levels of fluids. 

These fluids cause swelling in eye tissues that help to concentrate or anything and cause blurred vision. When your glucose level gets normal again then the blurry vision disappears. 

Glucose that remains in the blood for a longer period of time can destroy your blood vessels that are tiny. These blood vessels are present at the back of your eyes. Don’t consider that eye-diabetes can occur only in case of severe diabetic conditions.

Damage can also occur in your eyes during prediabetic conditions when the level of glucose becomes high in your body and if you are not diagnosed with diabetes yet. Damaged blood vessels can cause swelling in your eyes.

Leakages of fluids is also a sign of destroyed blood vessels. Some blood vessels that are weak can cause bleeding into the eye’s middle part. It can cause high pressure and scarring in your eye.

Problems related to the blood vessels cause severe diabetic eye diseases. Here are some diabetic eye diseases that are dangerous for your eyes.

Diabetic Retinopathy

Each eye contains an inner lining at the back called the retina. It senses the light and alters it to the signals so the brain can decode these signals after detection. It helps you to see the surroundings around you.

Diabetic retinopathy is a disease in which blood vessels that are damaged or destroyed harm the retina. Your blood vessels can become weak or bulge in the early diabetic retinopathy. Blood vessels can also leak into the retina of your eyes in some cases.

You can call this stage nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy. Blood vessels close off when the disease becomes severe. It causes the blood vessels that are new to proliferate or grow on the retinal surface. 

You can call this stage proliferative diabetic retinopathy. The new blood vessels that grow are not normal and induce serious problems of vision in people.

Diabetic Macular Edema

The macula is the part of the retina that helps you see faces, reading and driving. The macula can become swell in diabetic conditions. It is called diabetic macular edema. The disease can lead to the destruction of sharp vision in this eye part.

This destruction causes blindness or vision loss. People who have various signs related to diabetic retinopathy are vulnerable to develop diabetic retinopathy.


Glaucoma is a group of diseases related to human eyes that cause the destruction of the optic nerves. These bundles of nerves associate the eyes to the brain. Diabetes increases the risk of developing glaucoma. If you leave it untreated then it can cause loss of vision or blindness in you.


Lenses in the eyes help in sharp vision. These lenses are clear structures. You may have noticed that these lenses become cloudy as people grow. People who are suffering from diabetes are vulnerable to develop these cloudy lenses.

The cloudy lenses are known as cataracts. People who are diagnosed with diabetes can also develop these lenses at the earlier stages as compared to the other people who are not diagnosed with diabetes. 

Researchers have reported that a high level of glucose enhances deposit quantity in your eyes which leads to the development of cataracts. High blood pressure can also cause diabetic eye conditions in people. Smoking enhances the risk of catching diabetic eye diseases.

It is important to take care of your diabetes and level of glucose to make yourself safe from developing certain diabetic diseases. You should also maintain a healthy diet to keep yourself healthy and disease-free.

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